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Ross & Baruzzini Celebrates 65th Year in Business

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Ross & Baruzzini, Inc., an international consulting and design firm, is pleased to announce its 65th anniversary.  Founded in 1953, Ross & Baruzzini has grown from a two-person engineering firm to its present team of more than 300 professionals that operate throughout the United States and serve clients in more than 30 countries.

Headquartered in Webster Groves, Missouri, Ross & Baruzzini has repeatedly garnered local and national recognition.  It has been voted a Best Place to Work in studies conducted under the aegis of the St. Louis Post Dispatch and the St. Louis Business Journal. Nationally, the company has moved up 200 spots in the last 10 years in annual industry rankings compiled by Engineering News Record.

Ross & Baruzzini has experienced explosive growth, both organically and through acquisitions. It has acquired four firms in the past five years, expanding service offerings in multiple markets while adding new offices in Chicago, Dallas, Philadelphia and Hamden, Conn.

“Our anniversary affords an opportunity to reflect on the core values and tradition of excellence established by Don Ross and Joe Baruzzini and to affirm our ongoing commitment to providing quality design and consulting services,” said William H. Overturf, III, president. “The industry has seen tremendous change in the last 65 years.  We have successfully adapted to these challenges – growing, expanding and most importantly creating new opportunities for our employees while preserving our original culture. The talent and commitment of our staff and loyal clientele has made this possible. We look forward to many more years of mutual success.”

Founded in St. Louis in 1953, Ross & Baruzzini ( is a premier international consulting and design firm continually ranked among the top companies in the nation. The company provides advanced engineering and technology solutions in the transportation, healthcare, government, higher education and mission-critical markets.  Ross & Baruzzini operates from its headquarters in St. Louis with offices in Indianapolis, Kansas City, Chicago, Philadelphia, Miami, Dallas, Los Angeles, New York, and Hamden, Conn., and Mexico City, Mexico with staff in Dubai and Saudi Arabia.

Western Specialty Contractors Restores Facade of Historic Downtown St. Louis Monogram Building

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Former 1900s women’s hatmaking factory and warehouse converted to luxury apartments

Western Specialty Contractors – St. Louis Masonry Restoration Branch recently completed a $1.2 million facade restoration of the historic Monogram Building at 1706 Washington Ave. in Downtown St. Louis.

Developer Michael Knight, a partner at Revive Capital Development of Kansas City, MO, converted the nine-story brick and terra cotta building, renamed Monogram on Washington, into 168 modern, luxury apartments (112 one-bedroom, 32 two-bedroom and 24 studio), complete with a roof-top pool. The building, which is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, originally opened in 1910 as a millinery factory and warehouse in the city’s former garment district.

Western Specialty Contractors first contracted with St. Louis-based general contractor Paric Corporation in November 2016 to begin work on the building’s west elevation while abatement work was getting started. This first phase included installation of 28 new window openings with new lintels and precast sills, 30% brick tuck pointing, pressure washing the entire facade and caulking all window perimeters. Western crews also cut an opening in the south elevation for a buck hoist to be installed. This first phase was completed in September 2017.

A second contract was issued to Western for additional facade restoration work to the north, south and east elevations. Western used two suspended scaffolding and four masons to complete the work in October 2017. The work included:

  • South elevation – tuck pointing 30% of brick joints and 25% of terra cotta joints, caulking all window perimeters and pressure washing
  • North and east elevations – tuck pointing 25% of terra cotta joints and all brick joints, pressure washing, and replacing 10 pieces of missing or damaged terra cotta with Fiber Reinforced Polymer (FRP) replicas

Paric, under the direction of the owner, had Western provide a 135-foot aerial lift so that the jobsite foreman, with assistance from the engineer, could inspect all elevations. Subsequently, Western’s scope of work increased to include tuck pointing all brick and terra cotta joints on the south, north and east elevations; plus replacing an additional 15 pieces of terra cotta with FRP.

With the scope of work more than doubling for Western’s crews, the change proved to be a challenge to the overall schedule for the building’s new roof and pool installation. Western was able to meet the original schedule by adding two swing stages and six more masons working 10-hour shifts, seven days a week. The final facade restoration work was completed in February 2018.

Architect: BNIM

Structural Engineer: Bob D. Campbell and Co.

Historic Preservation: Rosin Preservation

Family-owned and operated for more than 100 years, Western Specialty Contractors is the nation’s largest specialty contractor in masonry and concrete restoration, waterproofing and specialty roofing. For more information about Western Specialty Contractors, visit

Integrated Facility Services Completes Award-Winning Cooling Tower Project for St. Louis County Government Building

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Integrated Facility Services (IFS) has completed a $1 million cooling tower replacement project at the Louis K. Roos County Government Building in Clayton, MO, which houses St. Louis County’s government administration offices. IFS received the OutstandingMechanical Installation Award from the Mechanical Contractors Association of Eastern Missouri for the project.

The project replaced two large wooden cooling towers with two new metal cooling towers. IFS’s work included demolition, structural steel fabrication, mechanical, electrical, insulation, hoisting and painting. Because they were working in a busy business district over occupied space, including the offices of the St. Louis County Executive, IFS kept the chiller system operational at all times and completed all of the hoisting and setting of the new cooling towers on two separate Saturdays.

IFS precisely measured and custom-prefabricated structural steel framing with seismic rated spring vibration isolators, 10” to 16” large bore piping, fittings, valves, and tower pieces, all of which were lifted to the nine-story rooftop by crane. Central Avenue in downtown Clayton was temporarily closed on both crane days to accommodate the installation.

“This project required an extensive amount of precise planning. Everything was measured, detailed, fabricated and painted in advance, and each piece had to fit exactly on installation day,” said Gary Tidwell, Integrated Facility Services (IFS) project manager. “Our highly skilled project team completed the project exactly as planned.” 

Integrated Facility Services (IFS) is a full-service HVAC, plumbing, piping, fire protection and building automation firm with more than 260 professional and trade employees. For more information, call (636) 680-2100 or (573) 442-6100 and visit


TriStar Properties Begins $115 Million Build-to-Suit Campus for World Wide Technology

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Contegra Construction Building Two Buildings Totaling 2.025 Million SF

One of the largest construction projects in the St. Louis area is emerging from the ground with word that developer TriStar Properties has begun building a 176-acre build-to-suit campus for tenant World Wide Technology (WWT) at Gateway Commerce Center, a 2,300-acre logistics and bulk distribution park near Edwardsville, Ill.  The completion value of the project, which is to yield two equally sized buildings totaling 2.025 million square feet plus parking for nearly 2,000 vehicles, is $115 million.

Privately held and St. Louis-based WWT is an international technology provider with $10.4 billion in annual revenue and 4,600-plus employees in more than 70 offices worldwide. Its lease at Gateway is believed to be the largest industrial property transaction ever executed in the metro St. Louis market.

WWT will devote one building to the production and assembly of technology equipment; the other to product storage and distribution. They are to be completed in April 2019 and August 2019 respectively.

General contractor Contegra Construction of Edwardsville, Ill. is building both structures and will erect the first tilt-up concrete panels in August 2018.

Both buildings will feature a thermoplastic polyolefin (TPO) roof and 36-foot clear height ceilings.  The warehouse/distribution center will feature 90 dock doors, with cross docking capabilities.  The tech center will feature 30 dock doors.

PCCP, LLC, a real estate finance and investment management firm based in Los Angeles, Calif., is partnering with TriStar on equity financing.

In addition to WWT, Gateway tenants include Amazon, Dial Corp., GENCO ATC, GEODIS, The Hershey Company, Ozburn-Hessey Logistics, Proctor & Gamble, Save-A-Lot, Saddle Creek Logistics Services, DB Schenker, Schneider National, Unilever, USF Logistics, Walgreens and Yazaki of North America.

Founded in 1996, TriStar Properties is a nationally recognized real estate developer. Typically operating through affiliated joint ventures or partnerships, its activity log includes sale or development transactions involving more than 5,000 acres of commercial and residential land; apartment complexes; 1.5 million square feet of office space; 1.2 million square feet of retail space; and several million square feet of industrial/distribution.

Joint Venture Finalists Prepare NGA West Headquarters Submittals by July 18th

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By KERRY SMITH, Editor, St. Louis Construction News & Review Magazine 

Three construction joint ventures have been invited to submit proposals to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers by July 18th as finalists in the competition to build the National Geospatial Agency’s $1.7 billion new St. Louis headquarters.

The Next NGA West (N2W) site spans 97.2 acres in North St. Louis at the north corner of Jefferson Avenue and Cass Avenue.

The finalists are Clark-JE Dunn N2W, McCarthy Hitt – Next NGA West and Mortenson-Alberici. The USACE narrowed the list to the final three earlier this year and expects to award the overall construction contract to the winning bidder in March 2019.

The USACE’s Kansas City District is spearheading the process, according to Stephanie Hall, program manager for Next NGA West.

“We have down-selected to three great firms and will continue to look at each of them as we receive their proposals next week,” said Hall.

The two-phase, design-build, firm fixed-price bid requirements include construction of a 712,800-square-foot main operations building, a 38,000-square-foot central utility plant, nearly a million square feet of structured parking, a 7,300-square-foot visitor control center and miscellaneous improvements such as access roads and perimeter security.

In addition to the main RFP, the USACE will award five small business set-aside construction contracts using the design-bid-build delivery method once the master design-build contract has been awarded. Hall said these small business set-asides are specific to the following project facets: 1) the government’s integrated program office on site; 2) a remote inspection facility, 3) the surface parking lot, 4) access control points and 5) landscaping.

Hall said the building’s design would emphasize collaborative workspaces, advanced technology solutions and sustainable operations.

“The new facility requires spaces that can easily respond to changing security levels while providing adaptable, flexible, multi-function spaces,” she said. “This building will be equipped to serve the NGA St. Louis workforce for the next 40 years.”

Next NGA West Department of Labor affirmative action goals for the project are 6.9 percent female participation by trade and 14.7 percent minority participation by trade. The USACE’s subcontracting goals for its design-build construction project are 28 percent small business, 5 percent small disadvantaged business, 5 percent woman-owned small business, 3 percent veteran-owned business, 2 percent service-disabled veteran-owned business and 2 percent HUBZone.

The project is expected to generate more than 5,000 construction jobs. The new site will accommodate 3,000 agency employees.

Public-Private Partnership Rebuilds East St. Louis Riverfront for More Development

in Associations/Companies/News

By KERRY SMITH, Editor, St. Louis Construction News & Review Magazine 

A two-phase, $17 million heavy roadway and water line replacement project along the East St. Louis riverfront is complete, opening up and equipping more than 200 acres for commercial and industrial development.

The project – funded by three levels of government and numerous private industry partners under the direction of St. Clair County Chairman Mark Kern – has transformed what was a badly deteriorated span of roadways into infrastructure that can now easily carry trucks including those bound for agricultural giant Cargill in East St. Louis and Fairmount City-based Bunge-SCF Grain.

“Ag is one of the biggest exports of our region,” said St. Clair County Highway Engineer Norm Etling. “If these roadways would have continued to deteriorate, the access would have been severely restricted. Now there’s a continuous road system from I-70 and rebuilt Illinois Route 3, with a new ramp leading to Front Street All that is new infrastructure that provides excellent access to I-64/I-70 and is ready for significant new development.”

Baxmeyer Construction in Waterloo built the thoroughfares that were engineered by Swansea-based Thouvenot, Wade & Moerchen Inc.

Baxmeyer Project Manager Josh Froese said Phase I included completely rebuilding Front Street from the Illinois American Water treatment plant on the far north end (just south of I-70) to Trendley Avenue, roughly 1.5 miles south. “We reconstructed the road with 10.5 inches of concrete pavement, 30 feet wide and strong enough to carry heavy truckloads,” said Froese.

TWM Project Manager Josh Stein said the roadway’s close proximity to the Mississippi River, just a few dozen feet east, added to the project’s complexity and included reestablishing drainage patterns. “Reconstructing a major industrial roadway this close to the levee system required close coordination with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers,” he said. “Redesigning a somewhat confusing traffic pattern running past the Casino Queen (at River Park Drive and B Street) into a roundabout that is much easier to comprehend was a key objective of the project,” Stein said.

Casino Queen, one of the project’s private-sector partners, contributed $500,000 toward the cost. Cargill and Bunge – SCF Grain each provided $500,000. American Water Company supplied and installed three miles of large-diameter water mains totaling $9 million. Public-sector project partners included the U.S. Economic Development Administration ($3.5 million), Illinois Department of Transportation’s Truck Access Route Program ($125,000), Southwestern Illinois Development Authority ($1.5 million), St. Clair County Transit District ($900,000) and Metro East Park and Recreation District ($500,000).

KAI Design & Build Finds Inspiration for Alberici Office Renovation Through Client’s Own Steel Fabrication Expertise, Industrial Brand

in Companies/Homepage Primary/News

When Alberici Corporation, a major North American construction company, moved to its LEED Platinum corporate headquarters in 2004, two of their subsidiaries—Hillsdale Fabricators and Kienlen Constructors—remained at the Hillsdale, MO office five miles away. KAI’s Architecture and Interior Design teams were recently contracted by Alberici to completely renovate the outdated second floor of the Hillsdale office to provide better workspace for Hillsdale and Kienlen employees.

The office space was riddled with unused space, outdated finishes and no consistent flow. The space also did not adequately represent the company’s brand or expertise, and the employees were dispersed throughout several floors.

“The client requested an open floor plan to consolidate all of their employees onto one floor, with a centralized break room and a refined, industrial design,” said KAI Interior Designer Asha Perez. “Branding for the space was particularly important to the client, who wanted to exhibit their own steel fabrication expertise throughout the new interior.”

KAI’s design team worked closely with the client to develop their vision for the space, which included several collaborative design-build, custom-crafted furniture pieces that showcased the client’s skills.

“The design intended to demonstrate, as well as utilize the on-site capabilities of the structural steel fabricators,” said Perez. “We employed other interior design elements to develop that refined industrial design motif while also complimenting the exposed, existing concrete structure that the client desired for the space.”

The inspiration for the materials used in the design came from the client themselves. The KAI team walked through the client’s on-site steel fabrication facility and yard to gain inspiration and appreciation for the work that they do. Throughout the yard, they saw heavy steel, steel scraps, machinery and employees at work, which helped the team start to put the schematic design into context.

The renovated space features an “unfinished look” with sealed concrete floors and exposed ceilings and columns. Gray tones in the porcelain floor tiles communicate a similar design language, reflecting the warmth of the tones in the concrete throughout. Reclaimed wood was selected for use on the walls to wrap the elevator, while defining that as an alternate interior exit and entry point to and from the first floor. The wood was also used on the reception desk to add more textural interest to the space. The interior façade of the reception area features concrete-look panels with reveals and form-tie details, drawing inspiration from Japanese architect Tadau Ando.

KAI also redesigned the main front entry stairway replacing the existing terrazzo. Minerit heavy duty fiber cement board panels were used on the stairway entry walls. Recessed steel channels were designed for the handrails along each side and returns at the bottom and top of the stair landings. Limestone was used for the stair treads and steel for the risers.

KAI and the client collaborated on the design of a 25-foot-long, nearly-5,000-pound trapezoidal-shaped conference room table made of steel with wood trim, a steel and concrete prep table weighing over three tons, steel partitions around the perimeter of the break room and concrete-top, bar-height tables, wrapping existing columns in the break room; all of which were custom built by Hillsdale Fabricators. Due to the weight and size of the custom furniture, cranes had to be used to place the pieces in their new spaces.

“It was important to show how these elements were constructed, so the joinery and details are purposely exposed,” said Perez. “This allowed the client to showcase the kind of specialized work they do.”

A random mix of light, medium and dark-gray, large format hexagon-shaped floor tiles (21″ x 24″) by Ottomo Ceramics were installed in the break room. Wood flooring was also used in the break room meticulously forming a flush, seamless transition to the edge of the hexagon-shaped floor tile to create an irregular edge design.

The centralized break room is defined by steel partitions with opaque glass above. Butcher block walnut wood benching, wood top tables and a standing height wood ledge along the perimeter in the bistro were all designed to accommodate varying sit and stand postures of users in the space.

KAI worked closely with Lighting Associates to find linear and large hexagon-shaped light fixtures that mimic the layout and floor pattern in the break room. Energy efficient light fixtures that incorporate down- and up-lighting were specified to brighten the existing, dark, exposed concrete ceilings. These types of fixtures were used throughout the interior, including the conference rooms, which also feature industrial, black metal pendant light fixtures.

Acoustics was another important design element, considering the hard surfaces throughout the space. KAI created white noise with speakers in the ceilings, dropped acoustical ceiling tiles in the conference rooms, and carpet in the open office and workstation areas and conference rooms.

In keeping with Alberici’s brand, red was tastefully used in the design, but not overdone. Carpet used in the open office areas and conference rooms was selected from Mohawk Group’s Street Thread collection, which features bold red, black and gray geometric patterns. Carpet used in the reception area was a mix of Merge, Intertwine and Magnify from Mannington. Red and gray also highlight the workstation desk drawers.

The client wanted a bright, open office layout. KAI achieved this by furnishing the space with low partition Herman Miller Canvas workstations, integrating clear glass panels within the workstation partitions; conference rooms surrounded by butt glazed glass partitions and redesigning the space by eliminating the existing walls from the perimeter of the interior to allow in natural daylight.

KAI utilized BIM technology on the project to provide the client with an Enscape walk-through of the Revit model at the design development completion state. This ability to display the design through a virtual walk-through was key to achieving a quick review and approval of the design.

About KAI Design & Build

KAI Design & Build is a national 100+ person design and build firm headquartered in St. Louis, Missouri. A renowned leader in the industry, KAI provides design and build integrated project delivery solutions through collaboration, technology, processes and expertise. For more information about KAI Design & Build, visit or call 314-241-8188.

Western Specialty Contractors Provides Seven Safety Tips to Protect Construction Workers From Extreme Heat

in Companies/News

Summer is a great time for construction work, but a brutal time for construction workers. Excessive heat and sun exposure pose significant dangers, such as sunburn, dehydration, heat cramps, heat exhaustion and heat stroke. Every year, construction workers become ill on the job and some even lose their lives due to heat exposure.

To protect its workers from the extreme summer heat, Western Specialty Contractors manages a heat illness training program and a safety hotline for its employees.

As part of the program, training is provided to all employees and supervisors who work in high temperatures. Training topics include: how heat can affect the body, how to identify the signs and symptoms of various heat-related illnesses, and what to do if a co-worker is experiencing symptoms of a heat-related illness. Western also regulates the hotter environment by providing water and shade to workers and by having supervisors and safety managers monitor the heat index so that the proper protective measures can be taken.

“It is important particularly during the summer months that outdoor workers drink plenty of fluids to help prevent dehydration, which is the primary cause of heat cramps and heat exhaustion,” said Cameron Samuel, Assistant Safety Director at Western Specialty Contractors.

Cameron, who has training and experience managing the health and safety of outdoor workers, offers the following tips for preventing heat-related illnesses on a construction jobsite:

  • Drink water frequently and drink enough water that you never become thirsty. Drink water or other non-caffeinated, electrolytic beverages and make sure that your drinks are always cool, not room temperature. Adding a lemon slice to water can make plain water more drinkable.
  • Wear light-colored, loose-fitting, breathable clothing made from natural materials such as cotton. Avoid wearing non-breathing synthetic clothing. Wear safety glasses with UV protection, sunscreen and brimmed hard hats.
  • Gradually build up to heavy work. If possible, do the hardest work during the coolest time of the day. Workers who are suddenly exposed to working in a hot environment face additional hazards to their health and safety. New workers and those returning from time away need to be extra careful in making sure they stay hydrated.
  • Take more breaks in extreme heat and humidity. Move to the shade or a cool area such as an air-conditioned building or car when possible, but try not to go in and out of air conditioning too much as it will make it harder for you to adjust to the heat. Use cooling fans whenever possible.
  • Select your lunch carefully. Junk food is high in fat and preservatives and will put a high caloric load on the digestive system. Try eating a bigger breakfast, so you’re not as hungry at lunch. Eat light lunches that include fruits, vegetables and salads.
  • Keep an eye on your co-workers and be alert for signs of heat exhaustion. Early symptoms include lethargy, disorientation, stumbling, dropping tools, slurred speech or unresponsiveness. Heat stroke is a medical emergency requiring a 911 call and immediate cooling.
  • Check your urine frequency and color throughout the day. Water intake is adequate when urine is clear or light yellow. When the desire to urinate is less than twice per day and/or you are producing a dark yellow urine, you may be dehydrated.

By training employees on the early signs of heat exhaustion, taking the proper precautions, and employing tips like the ones listed above, outdoor workers will greatly reduce the risk of heat-related dangers.

Family-owned and operated for more than 100 years, Western Specialty Contractors is the nation’s largest specialty contractor in masonry and concrete restoration, waterproofing and specialty roofing.  For more information about Western Specialty Contractors, visit

St. Louis Firm Engineers Renovated Museum at Gateway Arch

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IMEG Corp. in St. Louis provided engineering design and services for a $109 million renovation and expansion of the Museum at Gateway Arch National Park, which reopens to the public today.

Engineers for IMEG’s office in St. Louis provided mechanical, electrical, and telecommunications design, along with construction administration services for the multi-year project, which added a 2,000-square-foot grand entrance facing Luther Ely Smith Square and the Historic Old Courthouse. A new three-story atrium brings natural light and openness to the subterranean museum spaces – all of which have been renovated and modernized.

The museum is seeking LEED Silver certification and is one of six IMEG projects included in the Gateway Arch Park Foundation’s initiative over the last several years to improve the Arch grounds and riverfront. 

IMEG is headquartered in Rock Island, Ill., and has 1,200 employees at more than 35 national and international locations. It is one of the largest engineering consulting firms in the U.S. specializing in high performing building systems, infrastructure, and construction-related services. For more information, visit

Museum at the Gateway Arch Opens at Gateway Arch National Park

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Community celebrates completion of the CityArchRiver project

CityArchRiver project partners – the National Park Service, Gateway Arch Park Foundation, Bi-State Development, Great Rivers Greenway, Jefferson National Parks Association and the City of St. Louis – today marked the grand opening of the Museum at the Gateway Arch. Several celebratory events, including a ribbon cutting ceremony with local, regional and national dignitaries – including Secretary of the Interior Ryan Zinke – and a community celebration in the park’s North Gateway marked the completion of the $380-million CityArchRiver project to renovate the national park, the St. Louis Riverfront and Kiener Plaza.

“This is an exciting day for the City of St. Louis and the entire country,” said Mike Ward, superintendent, Gateway Arch National Park. “We are so proud to offer a world-class, urban national park experience to visitors from across the globe and further showcase St. Louis’ important role in the storied history of America.”

“Eight years ago, a design competition provided us a vision for a better-connected City, Arch and River,” said Eric Moraczewski, executive director of the Gateway Arch Park Foundation.  “Today, thousands of people came together to celebrate the culmination of this historic project. The CityArchRiver project raised the largest amount of private funding ever to go into a National Park and was a catalyst for approval of the first-ever local tax to provide for a National Park renovation (Proposition P in 2013). It is an unprecedented achievement. Today we celebrate the tremendous accomplishments of our city, our region and our country.”

The ribbon cutting ceremony featured remarks from Superintendent Mike Ward of Gateway Arch National Park; Secretary of the Interior Ryan Zinke; Mayor Lyda Krewson; St. Louis County Executive Steve Stenger; Senator Roy Blunt; Senator Claire McCaskill; Board Chairwoman of the Gateway Arch Park Foundation Carolyn Kindle Betz; and Governor Mike Parson.

St. Louis Cardinals Hall of Famer Ozzie Smith served as the master of ceremonies, and St. Louisan Charles Glenn sang the national anthem. The #YourArch photo mosaic was unveiled to the public in a video montage. The Normandy High School marching band led the public to a community celebration in the park’s North Gateway area following the ceremony. Attendees of all ages enjoyed live music from Boogie Chyld, food trucks and drink vendors, free commemorative cookies, photo booth, scavenger hunt throughout the park, caricature artists, face painting, lawn games and much more.

Visitors to the Museum at the Gateway Arch and attendees at the North Gateway community celebration received a limited-edition, commemorative coin marking the special occasion.

The grand opening coincides with the return of one of the nation’s largest Fourth of July celebrations, Fair Saint Louis, to the riverfront July 4, 6 and 7.

The Museum at the Gateway Arch features interactive and engaging exhibits that focus on St. Louis’ role in the westward expansion of the United States, completely replacing the original museum that opened in 1976. Features of the new museum include:

  • Six themed exhibit galleries:

o   Colonial St. Louis – how St. Louis became a prosperous trading village rooted in French culture and governed by the Spanish, until the Louisiana Purchase transferred the territory to the United States.

o   Jefferson’s Vision – how President Thomas Jefferson furthered the westward expansion of the U.S. by sending expeditions to lay claim to territory, search for trading partners and locate natural resources for the young nation.

o   The Riverfront Era – how St. Louis became one of America’s busiest ports and trade centers in the mid-1800s.

o   Manifest Destiny – how the westward migration of the mid-1800s affected American Indians, Mexicans and pioneers themselves.

o   New Frontiers – how the industrialization of America hastened American settlement of the West and caused American Indians to lose all or part of their homelands.

o   Building the Gateway Arch – how the great American monument that commemorates westward expansion was designed and built.

  • Accessible exhibits guided by Universal Design principles through consultation with the CityArchRiver Universal Design Group representing the St. Louis disability community.
  • On the visitor center mezzanine level, a terrazzo floor map shows the United States with historic trails allowing visitors to trace pioneers’ journeys to the West.
  • The new 100 ft.-wide Video Wall in the tram lobby shows the building of the Gateway Arch and scenes of American westward expansion.
  • The Keystone Exhibit in the tram lobby allows all visitors to experience the top of the Arch through live webcam feeds from the observation deck.
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