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Construction is on the Rise, but Labor Issues Cause Concern

in Companies/News

By Chris Daues, CPA 

When you think of the economy, how do you think it is doing? Everyone, from Wall Street to your neighbor, seems to have an opinion. Specifically relating to the construction industry, here are the facts so you can form your own opinion.

National Construction Spending 

Since 2011, construction spending in the U.S. has steadily increased to approximately $1.2 trillion in 2015, which is a 9.6% increase from 2014 to 2015.

Specifically, private (portion of the economy controlled by private individuals or organizations) construction spending has increased 11.4% from 2014 into 2015, while public (portion of the economy controlled by the government) construction spending only increased 4.4%.

In a March 2016 press release from the Associated General Contractors of America (AGC), a trade association in the U.S. construction industry, construction spending for the rolling 12 months in January 2016 totaled $1.14 trillion, which is an approximate 3.0% increase from the rolling 12-month total in December 2015.

Spending on multi-family residential construction increased 2.6%, private non-residential construction increased 1.0%, and public construction increased 4.5% from December 2015 to January 2016.

National Employment

While spending has increased to an eight-year high in 2015, employment in construction-related jobs has not surpassed pre-recession (2008) levels as demonstrated by the graph below, which has caused a labor shortage in the industry.

However, unemployment rates within the construction industry have decreased to an eight-year low of 7.5% in 2015. So you may be asking yourself, how do we have an employment shortage if the unemployment rate within the industry is so low?

This is an indicator that while the majority of those individuals in the industry are working, there is still a significant number of workers that left the industry during the recession and have not yet or may not return.

State and Metro Employment

On a state-by-state basis, several states have seen double-digit increases in construction employment from January 2015 to January 2016, including Nevada (10.0%), Hawaii (16.0%) and Rhode Island (13.0%).

Additionally, other states showed strong employment increases like Colorado (5.0%), California (7.0%) and Tennessee (9.0%). There were several states, including Alaska (-9.0%), Kansas (-2.0%) and Wyoming (-5.0%), that had decreases in employment over the same time period.

From a metro level, several metro areas have seen double digit increases in employment from January 2015 to January 2016 including Sante Fe, NM (16.0%), Miami, FL (13.0%) and Las Vegas, NV (11.0%).

St. Louis, MO (5.0%), Kansas City, MO (8.0%), Nashville, TN (9.0%) and Boulder, CO (8.0%) were among other metros that also showed strong employment increases.

There were several metros, including Albuquerque, NM (-3.0%), Cheyenne, WY (-8.0%) and Tuscan, AZ (-1.0%), that had decreases in employment over that same time period.

Unemployment by Position

The AGC surveyed its members in September 2015 and received over 1,350 responses. Of the responses, 59.0% had total annual revenue of less than $50 million.

Companies were asked what their most difficult positions were to fill. For hourly employees, they responded that carpenters, sheet metal installers, concrete workers and electricians were the most difficult positions to fill. For salaried employees, project managers, estimators and engineers were the most difficult to fill.

Offsetting Workforce Shortages

The aforementioned survey summarized how companies are compensating for the worker shortage. Primarily, companies are increasing base pay and providing incentives and bonuses in response to the labor shortage.

In addition to increasing compensation, companies are also using more subcontractors and staffing agencies. While companies are discovering ways to mitigate the labor shortage issue, they face the potential risk of relying on workers unfamiliar with the proper safety procedures and policies at a higher cost.

Additionally, per the published 2015 Workforce Development Plan, the AGC is working at the federal level on several issues to revive the labor force in the construction industry.

Specifically, efforts to reform and reinvigorate the Perkins Act are being made so there is a new emphasis on increased funding and more flexibility for school officials to teach in-demand skills sets.

The plan outlines, among several initiatives, increased trade related courses being offered to high school students through the community college system and immigration reform.

Material Costs

Each month, the AGC publishes data summarizing the producer price index (PPI) for key construction related outputs. The PPI measures the average changes in prices received by domestic producers for their output.

The PPI of several key raw materials for the construction industry have increased marginally over a 12-month period from January 2015 to January 2016 including flat glass (5.9%), cement (5.6%) and gravel/crushed stone (5.7%).

However, other key components have seen significant declines including diesel fuel (-34.6%), steel mill products (-19.2%) and copper and brass mill shapes (-17.6%).

While the industry saw slight increases in some key components, the drastic decreases in other key components should help mitigate the increases in wages being offered due to the labor shortage.

Key Client Metrics

Upon examining data from RubinBrown’s client base of general contractors, subcontractors and specialty contractors in Colorado, Kansas, Missouri and Illinois, we noted several trends:

For contractors with more than $100 million in annual revenue, average gross profit decreased from 13.0% in 2014 to 12.2% in 2015

For contractors with less than $100 million in annual revenue, average gross profit decreased from 19.1% in 2014 to 18.8% in 2015

On average for all clients, backlog increased on average 40.0% from 2014 to 2015

Economic Forecast

In looking at the crystal ball, the next two years appear to get even brighter from a spending standpoint. Ken Simonson, the Chief Economist of AGC of America, estimates that total construction related spending in the U.S. will increase 6.0 – 9.0% in 2016 and another 5.0 – 7.0% in 2017.

Specifically, he estimates that both private residential and private non-residential will increase 5.0 – 10.0 % and 5.0 – 8.0% in 2016 and 2017, respectively.

Simonson further estimates that multi-family residential spending will increase 8.0 –12.0 % in 2016 while single family residential spending will only increase 6.0 – 9.0%. He cited that multi-family growth is primarily driven by low vacancies and the increasing popularity of the urban areas.

Big Picture

Overall, the construction industry is demonstrating several positive signs. However, the positive momentum will be slowed if the labor shortage is not alleviated in the near future.

Full story here:


RubinBrown’s Construction Services Group

We provide services to general contractors, specialty subcontractors and related companies in the construction industry.

Ken Van Bree, CPA, CGMA — St. LouisPartner-In-Charge

Construction Services Group, 314.290.3429,

Matt Beerbower, CPA — Denver, Partner & Vice Chair

Construction Services Group, 303.952.1252,

Mark Jansen, CPA, CGMA — St. Louis, Partner & Vice Chair

Construction Services Group, 314.290.3208,

Bryan Hinton, CPA — Nashville, Partner

Construction Services Group, 615.685.0391,

 Chris Daues, CPA — Denver, Manager

Construction Services Group, 303.952.1276,

Zach Fritz, CPA — Kansas City, Manager

Construction Services Group, 913.499.4416,

Graham Ryan, CPA — Kansas City, Manager

Construction Services Group, 913.499.4441,

Roeslein & Associates Donates $50,000 to BackStoppers

in Companies/News

Contribution in Memory of Blake Snyder and Other Police Officers Killed in the Line of Duty

Roeslein & Associates, Inc. recently presented The BackStoppers organization with a check for $50,000 in memory of Officer Blake Snyder and other police officers who have fallen in the line of duty.Ron Battelle, Executive Director of The BackStoppers and former St. Louis County Police Chief, received the contribution during a presentation at Roeslein & Associates headquarters December 14, 2016.

The BackStoppers is an organization that provides needed financial assistance and support to the spouses and dependent children of all police officers, firefighters, volunteer firefighters, and publicly-funded paramedics and EMTs in our coverage area who have lost their lives or suffered a catastrophic injury performing their duty.

“It is an honor and privilege to help these families. It is also an honor and privilege to accept this contribution from Rudi and the company. We will be eternally grateful for what you have done here,” Battelle said. “We deeply, deeply appreciate this donation.”

Owner of Roeslein & Associates, Rudi Roeslein, addressed the company during this donation ceremony stating, “For those whom do not know, Jeremy Quate of our Red Bud facility attended training at the Police Academy with Office Blake Snyder. Shortly after Officer Snyder’s passing, Jeremy reached out to me asking if I was aware of The BackStoppers program. I already knew I wanted to help in whatever way possible and this confirmed that Roeslein & Associates would be taking action.” Mr. Roeslein continued on by saying, “As a company in the Lindbergh school district and a significant contributor to this community I think it is our duty to show support for our police. I thank them for their continued service and hope that this contribution will help to make a difference.”

The BackStoppers Organization will use this donation to assist Elizabeth Snyder, wife of fallen Officer Blake Snyder, on putting a down payment on a new home for her and her family. The BackStoppers organization continues to support the surviving spouse and all dependent children until they reach age 21 or complete their post-secondary education. The BackStoppers currently supports 81 families with 66 dependent children and has supported 160 families since 1959 in its inception.

Roeslein & Associates was founded in 1990, specializing in engineering, modular fabrication and construction services.

Above: Pictured left to right: Officer Schroeder, Deputy Chief Ken Cox, Lieutenant Blake, Rudi Roeslein, Ron Battelle, Sergeant Absolon, Jeremy Quate and Officer Weinman.


$500 Million In Local Public And Utility Construction Project Opportunities To Be Showcased At 2017 Investment In Infrastructure Expo

in News

More than $500 million in public and utility infrastructure construction projects to be awarded to contractors in 2017 will be showcased by the purchasers of these projects at the 2017 Investment in Infrastructure Expo to be held February 28, 2017 at the St. Charles Convention Center.  Hosted by the SITE Improvement Association, the Expo will feature presentations of upcoming infrastructure projects by the Missouri Department of Transportation (MoDOT), Metropolitan Sewer District (MSD), Ameren Missouri, Spire (formerly Laclede Gas), St. Louis County, St. Charles County, Jefferson County, Great Rivers Greenway and more.  In addition, the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis will present its annual economic forecast for the construction industry in the St. Louis region and the Midwest.

“This Expo will be the single best opportunity for contractors and others to really see what the local construction market will look like for their company in 2017 and beyond,” said Terry Briggs, Executive Director of SITE.  “By bringing all these major purchasers of infrastructure construction projects together in the same place, contractors can learn the details about bidding opportunities, meet with the purchasers of these projects and network with other infrastructure sector contractors and suppliers in a half day of outstanding business development activities.  This is much more comprehensive than any business expo events we have hosted in the past, and we are expecting well over 500 attendees, sponsors and presenters.”

Individual tickets cost $30.  Sponsorship opportunities are also available for equipment dealers and suppliers, as well as for construction, architecture, engineering and other professional services firms.  There will be 70 booths in the Sponsor Showcase area at the Expo, and a variety of sponsorship packages are available.  Drinks and appetizers will also be available to all attendees as part of the admission price.

For more information, click here:

SITE is an independent construction contractor group representing more than 165 contractors and businesses primarily in the concrete, earthmoving, landscaping, asphalt paving, highway/bridge, sewer/utility and specialty construction segments.

In Memoriam George L. Hensley, Jr.

in News/People

George Hensley, Jr., President of Hensley Construction, Inc., lost his courageous battle with cancer on Sunday, December 18.

A visitation was held on Wednesday, December 21 from 4:00 pm to 8:00 pm at Bopp Chapel, Kirkwood, MO.  A memorial service will be held on December 22 at 1 pm at St. Peter’s Catholic Church, 243 W. Argonne Drive, Kirkwood, MO  63122, (314) 966-8600.

In lieu of flowers, Hensley Construction has designated, a not-for-profit in support of cancer research, for memorial contributions,  or The Boys & Girls Club of St. Louis, Herbert Hoover campus



Facilities Backlogs on College Campuses Eclipse $100 per Square Foot for First Time

in News

Facilities backlogs on the campuses of North American colleges and universities climbed to their highest point ever last year, according to a new report released today by Sightlines, a Gordian company and leader in facilities intelligence and analysis for higher education institutions.

Deferred maintenance continues to impact public and private institutions at different levels. The 2016 “State of Facilities in Higher Education” report found that in 2015, public campuses had an average backlog of $108 per GSF, while backlogs on private campuses averaged $88 per GSF, a reflection of facilities maintenance and modernization investments by private institutions of roughly $0.50 per GSF more than public institutions.

“Given the well-documented fiscal challenges that colleges and universities have been facing in the years following the worst economic downturn since the Great Depression, it’s inevitable that resources have been scarce for campus facilities,” said Mark Schiff, president of Sightlines. “Fortunately, campus leaders are learning how to manage the risk. They have enacted integrated strategies to respond to daily challenges, and are using limited capital and staff resources more strategically.”

The study includes data from 377 higher education institutions in the U.S. and Canada, with a collective enrollment of 3 million students and 1.5 billion total square feet of campus space. Approximately 41 percent of the institutions in the study were private and 59 percent were public.

According to analysis from the company’s team of researchers, there are three key conditions affecting the current state of higher education facilities:

  1. Enrollment

Overall, college and university enrollments are either stagnant or declining, leaving many campuses with more space to maintain and fewer students to fill it. The Sightlines report found enrollment at comprehensive universities has only increased by 1 percent since 2012, while cumulative growth in space is up nearly 14 percent. The problem is especially acute at small institutions, which have seen a decline of 3 percent in enrollment from 2012 in spite of a 4 percent increase in facilities development.

  1. Facility Age and Use

Sightlines’ analysts concluded the majority of buildings on most campuses were constructed before 1975 and have passed key thresholds for renewal. Unfortunately, many campuses have postponed capital investment to renew these older buildings in favor of new construction, forcing facilities managers into a reactive mode to address mechanical systems failures and responding to daily emergencies. The report also documented an interesting trend with respect to space planning and building usage: in the last 100 years, more non-academic space (e.g., dining and recreation facilities) have been constructed than academic space. In 1915, 70 percent of available space was built specifically for academic purposes; in 2015, that same figure was roughly 50 percent.

  1. Capital Investment

Although institutional operating budgets and other sources of facilities funding have increased, the Sightlines report concluded they are not keeping pace with either inflation or the growth of campus square footage. Data on capital investments for existing space shows average spending rebounded to $5.05 per GSF last year, after dropping to $4.58 per GSF in 2014, but remains below the 2009 average ($5.16 per GSF) in spite of inflation and additional space to maintain.

“Given these headwinds, it may seem surprising that we don’t hear about more building failures and serious facilities problems on campuses,” said Schiff. “But the primary reason for this is that campus facilities and finance leaders have learned how to manage the risk of building failure and avoid serious facility problems. We found that successful higher ed executives rely on the use of objective data and analytics to steer their resource allocation decisions, then implement policies and procedures in four major areas – which we spell out in our report – in order to achieve the best possible outcomes.”

Building upon the findings from the prior “State of Facilities in Higher Education” reports, the 2016 report analyzes new trends in higher education space management, provides insight into the challenges impacting campus facilities, and shares best practices for how college leaders can fund and manage their facilities in light of these challenges. The full report can be downloaded at:

Textured Metal Building Products Grow in Popularity

in Associations/News

Prepainted metal is a popular choice for consumers, architects, and specifiers who are looking for environmentally friendly, durable and aesthetically pleasing options. The National Coil Coating Association’s (NCCA) members are seeing a growing trend for textured, prepainted metal products in commercial and residential building design.

While the use of coated metal is often found in roofing applications for its environmental benefits compared to asphalt-based roofing materials, the visual and textural innovations of recent years have opened up textured products to a number of applications. Textured, prepainted metal products are being used to recreate the look of wood, stucco, brick, stone, asphalt and other materials for wainscoting, door and side-wall applications as well as becoming more popular in roofing.

According to the National Coil Coating Association, textured metal products can be made to resemble countless materials while providing the same excellent performance of traditional prepainted metal systems, and the texture will not trap dirt and debris. These products are also scratch-resistant and reduce the appearance of dents and other imperfections while withstanding harsh environmental elements and corrosion. Prepainted textured products can also be used to help buildings qualify for LEED, Energy Star and cool-roof compliance.

“Designers and consumers want more choices, and textured paint provides the depth and breadth of options demanded by the industry,” said Jeff Alexander, vice president of sales with Valspar, an NCCA member company. “With the materials available, it’s possible to achieve a unique look and feel with better longevity.”

Although the use of textured prepainted metal products has grown in popularity in the United States over the last five years, the textured products trend began in Europe in the 1980s when European-based coil coating companies began producing painted metal products that were textured.

McGrath & Associates Renovating Elevators at Alton Memorial Hospital & Barnes-Jewish Hospital

in Companies/News

McGrath & Associates has completed work on elevators at Alton Memorial Hospital as part of a $5.5 million BJC HealthCare elevator renovation and modernization project. McGrath also is renovating elevators at Barnes-Jewish Hospital. McGrath is the construction manager and general contractor for the design/build project.

At Alton Memorial Hospital, McGrath renovated four elevators and built a new elevator equipment room. Elevators are equipped with new geared-traction machines, controllers, elevator entrances, call buttons and lanterns.

McGrath also is renovating 13 elevators on the south campus of Barnes-Jewish Hospital. Renovations to the Central, East Pavilion and Rand-Johnson elevators include new cab interiors, controllers, entrances, hall buttons and lanterns. McGrath is installing new HVAC, electric and architectural elements in equipment rooms, and the existing geared traction drive machines are being refurbished. The Barnes-Jewish Hospital elevator project is scheduled for completion in late December 2017.

Elevator groups at both hospitals remain in service during the renovation project. McGrath follows strict safety protocol when working around elevator shafts, and implements isolation and infection prevention measures when working in occupied health care areas to ensure a clean and safe environment for patients, staff and visitors.

Kenneth H. Lemp Elevator Consultant, Inc. provided the elevator survey and scope of work. The architect is VERVE Design Studio.

McGrath & Associates is a 100 percent employee-owned general contractor and construction management firm specializing in commercial, health care, industrial, institutional and pharmaceutical construction projects since 1983.

2017 Economic Outlook Forecasts 3% Growth In Equipment and Software Investment

in Homepage Primary/News

Investment in equipment and software is expected to grow 3.0% in 2017, according to the Annual 2017 Equipment Leasing & Finance U.S. Economic Outlook released today by the Equipment Leasing & Finance Foundation. After a likely contraction in 2016, equipment and software investment is on track to improve in 2017. According to the Outlook, while persistent global headwinds and policy uncertainty are ongoing concerns, the U.S. economy’s fundamentals are generally solid, and rising business confidence should lead to increased investment. The Foundation’s report, which is focused on the $1 trillion equipment leasing and finance industry, highlights key trends in equipment investment and places them in the context of the broader U.S. economic climate. The report will be updated quarterly throughout 2017.

Ralph Petta, President of the Foundation and President and CEO of the Equipment Leasing and Finance Association, said, “With the elections over and key policy decisions beginning to take shape, the cloud of uncertainty hanging over businesses’ decisions to invest appears to be lifting. Business confidence in the future of the U.S. economy is on the rise. Unemployment is slowly decreasing, housing prices are improving, and the securities markets are in all-time record territory. This more positive economic news during the second half of 2016 seems to indicate that GDP is poised for solid, if unspectacular, growth. We are hoping that the spillover effect is a strong equipment finance industry in 2017.”

Highlights from the study include:

  • In 2017, the U.S. economy is poised to experience moderately strong growth of 2.7%.  After a growth pause during the first half of 2016 in which low energy and commodity prices contributed to weak business confidence and investment, the U.S. economy appears to be back on solid footing.
  • Credit market conditions are healthy and are not expected to inhibit business investment or the equipment finance industry.
  • Struggles for the energy, manufacturing and export sectors posed a major drag on business investment in 2016, but early indicators point to growth of 3.0% in equipment and software investment in 2017.
  • The Foundation-Keybridge U.S. Equipment & Software Investment Momentum Monitor, which is included in the report, tracks 12 equipment and software investment verticals. A number of verticals are primed to improve in the first half of 2017. Over the next three to six months:
    • Agriculture machinery investment growth will likely remain negative.
    • Construction machinery investment growth should improve.
    • Materials handling equipment investment growth should remain stable.
    • All other industrial equipment investment growth will likely rebound.
    • Medical equipment investment growth should remain stable.
    • Mining and oilfield machinery investment growth is expected to improve.
    • Aircraft investment growth will likely strengthen.
    • Ships and boats investment growth is set to improve.
    • Railroad equipment investment growth should continue to strengthen.
    • Trucks investment growth is poised to accelerate.
    • Computers investment growth is likely to improve.
    • Software investment growth should continue to strengthen.

The Foundation produces the Equipment Leasing & Finance U.S. Economic Outlook report in partnership with economics and public policy consulting firm Keybridge Research. The annual economic forecast provides a three-to-six month outlook for industry investment with data, including a summary of investment trends in key equipment markets, credit market conditions, the U.S. macroeconomic outlook and key economic indicators. The report will be updated quarterly throughout 2017.

Access the full report at

The Equipment Leasing & Finance Foundation is a 501c3 non-profit organization dedicated to inspiring thoughtful innovation and contributing to the betterment of the equipment leasing and finance industry. Funded through charitable individual and corporate donations, the Foundation focuses on the development of in-depth, independent research and resources for the advancement of equipment finance industry knowledge. Visit the Foundation online at

All Foundation studies are now available for free download from the Foundation’s online library. A new infographic is also available from the recently released U.S. Equipment Finance Market Study 2016-2017, which provides a comprehensive view on the current size and anticipated growth of the U.S. equipment finance market,


S. M. Wilson Employees Provide 95+ Community ‘Acts of Kindness’ to Mark Company’s 95th Anniversary

in Companies/News

From rescuing stray animals and volunteering in local schools to granting holiday wishes and coaching youth sports, the employees of S. M. Wilson & Co. decided to celebrate the company’s 95th anniversary this year by voluntarily providing more than 95 acts of kindness. The acts enriched the St. Louis community by assisting kids, those in need and those who serve our country.  Employees were empowered to provide acts of kindness that they felt were important throughout the year, which resulted in a wide range of activities and support.  The program far exceeded its goal.

“We chose this form of celebration to underscore our company’s core strengths of value, service, people-centered culture and passion to transform communities by delivering more than just buildings,” said Amy Berg, President of S. M. Wilson.  “The response from our employees was tremendous.  We provided more than 140 acts of kindness by August, and we are probably close to 200 by now.”

Seventy percent of S. M. Wilson’s employees are involved in the community in their own ways.

Through the acts, more than 40 Holiday Wishes were recently granted to kids at Epworth Children and Family Services. Seventeen employees gave blood to the American Red Cross.  Employees also volunteered their time mentoring, serving on non-profit boards and participating in Ready Readers, while others randomly purchased lunches for soldiers at Ft. Leonard Wood. The list goes on.

“The wide variety of support provided to the community reflects the employee-friendly culture at S. M. Wilson,” Berg added.

S. M. Wilson is a full-service construction management, design/build and general contracting firm with headquarters in St. Louis. 

Office of Administration Announces Phase I Completion of State Capitol Project

in News

First phase of $40 million project to renovate and repair historic structure finished ahead of schedule

The Office of Administration today announced the completion of Phase I of the Missouri State Capitol construction project. As a result, all south side entrances will re-open immediately and are anticipated to remain open throughout Inauguration activities and the 2017 Legislative Session. Design of Phase I of the project began in 2015 with construction beginning this past spring. Phase I is finishing more than two weeks ahead of schedule.

“We are incredibly pleased that Phase I of this project has gone as smoothly as it has and is wrapping up earlier than anticipated,” Office of Administration Commissioner Doug Nelson said. “The renovation and repair of our State Capitol has been a priority for Governor Nixon and the General Assembly, and the ongoing construction project will ensure that the historic structure is preserved so it can continue to be enjoyed by generations to come.”

“The state employees, project consultants and contractors involved with a project of this scale have truly stepped up to the plate and delivered,” said Facilities Management, Design and Construction Director Cathy Brown. “I am so appreciative their efforts have allowed us to reach this landmark in time for upcoming events such as the 2017 Inauguration and Legislative Session, which are of great importance to Missouri citizens.”

During the 2015 Legislative Session, $40 million for Capitol repairs was appropriated after garnering bi-partisan support. The funding will bring the building’s sub-structure back to serviceable condition after years of water infiltration and address the deteriorating stonework on the exterior of the Capitol, which was completed in 1917. The project will essentially extend the life of the building as well as improve the overall appearance, structural stability and water shedding capacity.

Phase I of the Missouri State Capitol renovation and repair project included:

  • Renovation and repair of the exterior stone terraces, south steps, east steps, and east and west carriage drives which included a new waterproofing membrane to replace the system installed in the past which had exceeded its useful life;
  • Repairs of the existing concrete substructure that had deteriorated over the years because of water penetration;
  • Stone work where mortar and sealant joints had failed and were allowing water to infiltrate interior occupied space on the Governor’s upper terrace was repaired; and
  • Repair work to the building terraces, which generally consisted of replacing or repairing: damaged stone; concrete support beams and slab; storm drains, waterproof sheet membranes; and joint materials.

Phase II of the project is slated to begin in late summer of 2017 and will likely be complete sometime in 2020. Project II will include:

  • The renovation and repair of the exterior stone facades, dome, and drum;
  • Façade work to specifically assess and repair the stones for cracks, spalls, and open joints. Some stones have been displaced and will be reset. All stones will be checked to see that they are anchored securely and will be cleaned;
  • Replacement of stone pavers and edge stones on the North Plaza and adjacent flanking sidewalks as well as sidewalks and stairs directly off the north drive leading to the Governor’s Portico. Upon completion, the surface will be more conducive to pedestrian traffic.;
  • Repair to the North Plaza retaining wall;
  • Various stone repairs for the Centaur Fountain pool rim and edge stones;
  • Removal and/or replacement of uplights and warning lights on the upper dome; and
  • Removal and waterproofing of the terrace level balustrades and repair/renovation of balustrade lighting.


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