Construction Job Increase

Construction Job Increase, Unemployment Rate Hits New Low in April


Submitted by the AGC.

The Dodge Momentum Index fell 2.0% in May but rose 11% year-over-year (y/y), Dodge Construction Network reported on Wednesday. The index “is a monthly measure of the initial report for nonresidential building projects in planning, shown to lead construction spending for nonresidential buildings by a full year.” The commercial component tumbled 6.1% for the month but climbed 7% y/y. The institutional component increased 5.9% for the month and 18% y/y. A sign of the strength and geographic diversity of data center construction, the “largest commercial projects [entering planning in May] included Buildings 3 and 4 of the Blue Sky Data Center project in Omaha, Neb., each valued at $466 million, and the $400 million Prime Data Center building in Avondale, Ariz.”

“Retailers are shedding warehouse space and paring back their logistics networks now that the disruptions that slowed supply chains during the Covid-19 pandemic have largely receded and consumer spending patterns are shifting toward services,” the Wall Street Journal reported on Wednesday. “Discount retailer Big Lots and big-box chain Walmart are among companies that have closed warehouses or laid off distribution workers as part of a broader realignment of logistics operations. The cutbacks are helping cool down a market for warehousing demand that had grown red-hot during the pandemic…The industrial real-estate vacancy rate ticked up to 3.6% nationwide in [Q1] from 3.3% in [Q4] 2022, according to real-estate services firm Cushman & Wakefield. That was the third straight quarter vacancy increased after two years of declining availability, though still far below the 5% average vacancy rate in 2020.”

“Tighter lending standards from regional banks are making it harder for U.S. hotel developers to secure funding, slowing construction of new hotels at a time Americans’ appetite for travel is ripe,” Reuters reported on Monday. “Hotel developers, private equity firms, and general contractors told Reuters the financial stress on regional banks—the largest lenders to hotels and other commercial real estate markets—has forced developers to postpone projects or find other creative ways to raise capital.”

An analysis the National Association Home Builders posted on Tuesday of multifamily permits by location type (counties within large or small metros or outside of metros) found “the multifamily construction market remains strong with all [market types] having positive growth rates in the first quarter [Q1] of 2023. Large Metro – Core Counties had the lowest multifamily growth rate at 3.2%, up from 1.5% from [Q4] 2022. For the eighth consecutive quarter, Large Metro – Outlying Counties had the highest growth rate at 24.5%. The multifamily market share for Large Metro – Core Counites increased [to 37.5% in Q1] 2023 after losing market share for all of 2022[. Since Q1] 2020, Small Metro – Core Counties market share has increased 3.0 percentage points from 20.6% to 23.6%. This was the largest increase between [Q1] 2020 and 2023 for any [market type, while] the largest decrease in [share was 4.7 points] in Large Metro – Core Counties.” 

“Current sentiment for [engineering] firms and the industry remains extremely optimistic,” the ACEC Research Institute reported in releasing its 2023 Q2 Engineering Business Sentiment survey. On a scale from -100 to 100, the “Net Rating for firms’ overall finances and the engineering and design services industry are both +86, both increasing slightly compared to last quarter….Sentiment is strongest in Water/Wastewater (Net Rating +81) and Roads and Bridges (+80). Nearly half of the sectors increased relative to last quarter….Seventy-seven percent of firms are adding people to accommodate growth,…virtually unchanged from [Q3 2022]. In the past three months, over half of firms (56%) have turned down work due to workforce shortages, up from previous quarters.” “Economic activity in the services sector expanded in May for the fifth consecutive month,” the Institute for Supply Management reported on Monday. Construction (including homebuilding) is among 13 sectors (out of 18) that reported increased business activity, along with paying higher prices for materials and services (12 sectors), growth in new orders (11), employment growth (9), faster supplier deliveries (9), and decreased order backlogs (9). Items significant for construction reported up in price included construction contractors, construction materials, and transformers (for the ninth-straight month). Steel products were listed as down in price. Items listed in short supply included construction labor (for the fourth month in a row), materials (2 months), and contractors; transformers (9 months) and appliances (6 months

Construction Job Increase, Unemployment Rate Hits New Low in April; Spending Rises in March


Construction employment, seasonally adjusted, totaled 7,903,000 in April, a gain of 15,000 from March and 205,000 (2.7%) year-over-year (y/y), according to AGC’s analysis of data the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) posted on Friday. Residential construction employment (residential building and specialty contractors) rose by 14,200 in April and 57,000 (1.8%) y/y. Nonresidential construction employment (building, specialty trade, and heavy and civil engineering construction firms) rose by 800 for the month and 147,500 (3.3%) y/y. Seasonally adjusted average hourly earnings for production and nonsupervisory employees in construction (craft and office) rose 6.7% y/y to $33.94 per hour. The “premium” for hourly construction workers rose to 18.6% over the private sector average of $28.62 but remained considerably below the average premium in 2000-2019 of 21.5%. The unemployment rate for workers with construction experience declined from 4.6% in April 2022 to 4.1%, the lowest April rate in the 24-year history of the series. 

Construction spending (not adjusted for inflation) totaled $1.83 trillion in March at a seasonally adjusted annual rate, up 0.3% from the downwardly revised February rate and up 3.8% y/y, the Census Bureau reported on May 1. However, without a deflator, it is impossible to say how much of the y/y gain is in units vs. price. Private residential construction decreased for the 10th-straight month, by 0.2%, with single-family homebuilding down 0.8%, multifamily construction spending up 0.4%, and owner-occupied improvements up 0.3%. Private nonresidential construction spending rose 1.0%. The largest private nonresidential segment (based on the seasonally adjusted March rate)—manufacturing construction—rose 4.6% (including computer/electronic/electrical, up 11%, and chemical and pharmaceutical, up 0.6%). Commercial construction fell 3.1% (consisting of warehouse, unchanged; retail, down 2.7%; and farm, up 0.9%). Power declined 0.3% (with electric power down 0.2% and oil and gas field structures and pipelines down 0.8%). Private office and data center construction increased 0.3%. Public construction spending fell 0.6%. The largest public segment, highway and street construction, dipped 0.1%. Public education climbed 0.7%. Public transportation construction retreated 1.6%.

The Dodge Momentum Index fell 5.1% in April but rose 11% y/y, Dodge Construction Network reported on Friday. The index “is a monthly measure of the initial report for nonresidential building projects in planning, shown to lead construction spending for nonresidential buildings by a full year.” The commercial component tumbled 8.0% for the month but climbed 7.0% y/y. The institutional component increased 0.3% for the month and 17% y/y.

There were 355,000 job openings in construction, not seasonally adjusted, at the end of March, a decrease of 92,000 (-21%) y/y from the all-time March high of 447,000 in 2022, BLS reported on Tuesday in its monthly Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS) release. Hires for the full month totaled 407,000, an increase of 1,000 (0.2%) y/y. 

Construction employment, not seasonally adjusted, rose y/y in March in 259 (72%) of the 358 metro areas (including divisions of larger metros) for which BLS posts construction employment data, fell in 60 (17%), and was unchanged in 39, according to an analysis AGC released on Wednesday. (AGC treats as construction-only the totals for metros in which BLS reports combined totals for mining, logging, and construction.) The Dallas-Plano-Irving division added the most jobs (11,300 combined jobs or 7%), followed by Phoenix-Mesa-Scottsdale (8,900 construction jobs, 6%). The largest percentage gains were in Fairbanks, Alaska (20%, 400 construction jobs) and Midland, Texas (18%, 6,100 combined jobs). The largest losses occurred in Sacramento–Roseville–Arden-Arcade (-6,800 construction jobs, -9%) and the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale division (-6,600 construction jobs, -4%). The largest percentage loss occurred in Lawton, Okla. (-26%, -500 combined jobs). 

Highway contractors are invited to complete AGC’s annual highway work zone safety survey by May 12. Responses will be kept confidential. AGC will use the information from this survey as the main focus of a media and public education campaign we will launch the week before Memorial Day and the traditional start of the summer driving season.

Chief economists Ken Simonson, AGC; Kermit Baker, American Institute of Architects; and Alex Carrick, ConstructConnect will present their views on the construction and design outlook in a webinar on May 9, 2-3:30 pm ET.